Delaney and Kennedy introduce legislation to impose sanctions on transfer of ballistic missiles and advanced conventional weapons to or from Iran
WASHINGTON - Congressman John K. Delaney (MD-6) and Congressman Joe Kennedy III (MA-4) introduced the Iran Ballistic Missile Prevention and Sanctions Act today. Iran recently tested at least two ballistic missiles and built a new ballistic missile silo, in direct violation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1929. This bill would ensure that the U.S. holds Iran to the highest level of accountability for its actions by permanently codifying sanctions on entities that transfer ballistic missiles or advanced conventional weapons to or from Iran.
The JCPOA, also known as the Iran Nuclear Deal, will lift the U.N. embargos on conventional weapons and ballistic missiles after 5 and 8 years respectively, but the Iran Nuclear Deal does not limit the United States’ ability to implement non-nuclear sanctions. This legislation builds on current sanctions by limiting the transfer to and from Iran of any ballistic missiles and advanced conventional weapons.
Congressman Delaney released the following statement:
“Iran’s recent tests of ballistic missiles reinforce the need for the United States to stay vigilant. Our safety and security is more important than ever, and Congress needs to take an active role in enforcing international agreements that support global security. My legislation codifies and expands ballistic and advanced conventional weapons sanctions, strengthening the President’s hand to apply sanctions both to prevent Iran from acquiring ballistic missile technology and, importantly, to prevent Iran from exporting weapons to outside militants. In crafting this legislation, we were careful to ensure that there would be no conflict with the United States’ commitments under the JCPOA, an agreement I supported. The United States cannot allow its focus on Iran’s nuclear program to distract us from working to stop Iran’s other bad behavior.”
Congressman Kennedy released the following statement:
“Through their recent ballistic missile launches, the Iranian government has shown a blatant disregard for international laws. Those violations cannot be tolerated and this legislation sends a clear message that the United States will not allow Iran to obtain or develop missiles capable of carrying nuclear weapons. With the JCPOA nearing implementation, our enforcement of existing agreements outside of the deal’s parameters must remain vigorous and steadfast.”
Iran Ballistic Missile Prevention and Sanctions Act of 2016
- Within the past few months, Iran has conducted at least two ballistic missile tests and built a new ballistic missile silo in violation of U.N. Security Council resolutions.
- As part of the JCPOA, better known as the Iran Nuclear Deal, the U.S. has agreed to remove nuclear related sanctions and not add any new nuclear sanctions as long as Iran upholds its responsibilities in the deal. However, the deal does not restrict the U.S. from imposing new non-nuclear related sanctions regarding terrorism, human rights violations, and ballistic missile violations among others.
- We cannot allow our focus on Iran’s nuclear program to distract us from working to stop its other bad behavior. Now is the time for hypervigilance, holding Iran to the highest possible level of accountability for any UNSC violations and disregard for international agreements.
- Current sanctions can be applied to the acquisition or development of “destabilizing numbers and types of advanced convention weapons.” The Iran Ballistic Missile Prevention and Sanctions Act expands the definition to the transfer of advanced conventional weapons to or from Iran, simplifying and lowering the threshold that would trigger sanctions, and adding on outside militant groups that Iran may attempt to supply with weapons.
- Imposes sanctions on entities that transfer to or from Iran advanced conventional weapons or ballistic missiles, including technology, parts, components, or technical information.
- If an entity violates the arms embargo, the President shall impose 5 or more of the following sanctions:
- Denial of financing from the Ex-Im bank
- Denial of licenses, permissions, or authorities to export goods or technology
- Prohibition against receiving loans or credits from U.S. financial institutions
- If the sanctioned entity is a financial institution:
- Prohibition against designation as a primary dealer in U.S. debt instruments
- Prohibition from serving as agent of U.S. or serve as repository for U.S. government funds
- Prohibition from entering into any contract with the U.S. government
- Prohibition of transactions in foreign exchange that are subject to U.S. jurisdiction
- Prohibition of transactions in banks that are subject to U.S. jurisdiction
- Prohibition of property transactions that are subject to U.S. jurisdiction
- Prohibition on U.S. persons from investing in equity or debt of a sanctioned entity
- Denial of visas for any person that is in leadership of, or a shareholder with a controlling interest in, a sanctioned entity
- Application of these same sanctions to principal executive officers of sanctioned entity
- Sanctioned entities will be on the list of specially designated nationals and blocked persons maintained by the Office of Foreign Assets Control at the Treasury Department.